Faridabad (Hindi: फरीदाबाद) is a city and
a municipal corporation in Faridabad district in the state
of Haryana, India. It is a major industrial city and
population centre. The city was founded in 1607 by Shaikh
Farid, treasurer of Jahangir, with the object of protecting
the highway which passed through the town. He built a fort,
a tank and a mosque which are now in ruins. It also had a
sarai, a travelers' lodge, that served as a last stop for
travelers to Delhi. Later, it became the headquarters of a
pargana which was held in jagir by the Ballabgarh ruler.
Faridabad became the 12th district of Haryana on 15 August
Faridabad is about 25 Kilometres south of Delhi at 28° 25'
16" North and 77° 18' 28" East. It is bounded by the
National Capital Territory of Delhi on its north, Gurgaon
District on the west, and Uttar Pradesh state on its east
and south. Delhi-Mathura National Highway-2 (Shershah Suri
Marg) passes through the centre of the district. The city
has many Railway Stations on the Delhi-Mathura double track
broad-gauge line of the North Central Railway.
Faridabad is now the most populated city of Haryana and it
generates about 60% of the revenue of the Haryana state. 50%
of the income tax collected in Haryana, is from Faridabad
and Gurgaon."The Tribune".
Faridabad is famous for henna production, while tractors,
motorcycles, switch gears, refrigerators, shoes and tyres
are other famous industrial products of the city.
For the purposes of civil administration, Faridabad District
is divided into two sub divisions, viz. - Faridabad and
Ballabgarh. Each subdivision is headed by a sub-divisional
Faridabad is located at 28.43°N 77.32°E. It has an average
elevation of 198 metres (649 ft).
The city is located on the plains of the Yamuna river. It is
bordered by the Yamuna to the east and Aravali Hills towards
the west and southwest. Today, virtually all of the land has
been developed with residential housing as the population of
the city swelled during the mid 90s.
Much like the rest of India, the people of Faridabad rely on
ground water for their basic needs which is the gift of good
Facilities for cricket are available in Nahar Singh Stadium
which was built in 1981, the ground has a capacity to hold
around 25,000 people and stands out as one of the most
modern in North India having all facilities. The last ODI
played here was between India and England on 31st March
As of 2001 India census Faridabad had a
population of 1,054,981. Males constitute 55% of the
population and females 45%. Faridabad has an average
literacy rate of 69%, higher than the national average of
59.5%: male literacy is 75%, and female literacy is 60%. In
Faridabad, 15% of the population is under 6 years of age.
People of Faridabad share different ethnicities depending on
when they or their ancestors moved to the area(mostly
Punjabi). Old Faridabad, as the northern and oldest part of
the city is known, is home to people whose families might
have been living in the area for centuries. The ancestry of
people is mostly Sikh Jats, Baniya ,Yadavs, Gujjars, Rajputs
and people from the state of Uttar Pradesh and villages in
The western part of the city is called New Industrial Town
(abbreviated as NIT). It was built after 1947 for the people
who were relocating in India from Pakistan after the
Partition. Thus most of the people here share their ancestry
with modern day Pakistan's regions of Dera Ismail Khan, Dera
Ghazi Khan, Bannu, and Kohat. The rapid growth of the city
also brought immigrants to the city from other parts of the
country. People from Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan, Bihar,Kerala,
Delhi, Bengal. It is said that city was initially planned
only for 300,000 people but the total population of the city
is well over 2 million today.
Deputy Commissioner (Brijender Singh).
Sr. Superintendent of Police (K. K. Rao).
Deputy Conservator of Forests.
District & Sessions Judge (Smt. Anita
HUDA Administrator (Shri Abhay Singh
Faridabad is a massive economic engine for Haryana.
Faridabad and Gurgaon generate over 50% of the income tax to
the Haryana government.
Wheat was grown in Faridabad before but the agriculture has
since moved towards the villages of Haryana as Faridabad saw
a boom in the population in the early 90s. Almost all of
agricultural land has been taken over by the residential
housing. However, the 'Anaaj Mandi' (Grain Market) of
heritage value still exists in Old Faridabad.
Central government offices
Faridabad has benefited from plans of Union Government to
decongest Delhi by shifting a number of Central Government
Offices to Faridabad. Many directorates of different union
government ministries are headquartered in Faridabad.
Prominent among them are Central Water Commission,
Department of Plant Quarantine, and Central Insecticide Lab.
A number of Union Government Offices for Haryana are based
here such as Department of Explosives, Department of Labour,
Faridabad is the industrial heart of Haryana. It is home to
hundreds of large scale companies like JK Tyre & Ind
Ltd.,Orient fans (C.K.Birla Group), JCB India Limited, GKN
Driveline India Limited,Agri Machinery Group (Escorts
Limited), Yamaha Motor India Pvt. Ltd., Whirlpool, ABB Ltd.,
Goodyear Tyres, JBM, Knorr Bremse India Pvt. Ltd., Tata
Ryerson Ltd , Hindustan Syringes (dispovan), Thomson Press,
Havells, L&T, Lakhani, Tide Water Oil Co.(India) Limited,
There are thousands of medium and small scale units as well.
The Indian Air Force (IAF) has a logistics base in Faridabad.
The resident unit is No.56 Air Storage Park as well as the
Air Force Guard Dog Training Unit. The IAF Base is commanded
by a Group Captain of the Logistics Branch. Formerly, a SA-2
SAM Squadron was also based in Faridabad. Although there is
no army organisation in the city, there are many retired
army officers settled here.
Faridabad has one of finest R&D facilities in Asia. Indian
Oil Corporation Limited has its R&D centre located at sector
13 Faridabad (the only one in India) and leads in petroleum
Research. The center was founded on 10 March 1972 and now
employs around 500 scientists and technical staff. The
division is critical contributor in fulfilling India's
Defence Requirements. Indian Tyre Major JK Tyres &
Industries Ltd , has its GLOBAL TECHNOLOGY Centre in
Faridabad.The TECH Centre is the hub of JK Tyres' global R&D
. having State of the art facilities in IT, Engineering &
Faridabad is well connected by the latest means of
communications that includes GSM, WLL, Dialup internet
connection, DSL internet connection, Leased line internet
Govt operated fixed line/land line telephone connections
privately operated, world class network of fixed line
Apart from electronics means of communication, the city is
well connected through the postal services as well.
Government owned Indian Postal Service and privately owned
postal services like First Flight,DHL, FedEx, DTDC, Blue
Dart etc. can be easily accessed.
Faridabad is on broad gauge of New Delhi- Mumbai
Line. New Delhi and Hazrat Nizammudin Railway Station is
about 25 km from Faridabad Station. The trains for big
cities like Mumbai, Chennai, Hyderabad are easily
accessible from here. Local Trains runs between New
Delhi to Faridabad. There are three railway stations in
the city viz. Faridabad (FDB), New Town Faridabad (FDN)
and Ballabgarh (BVH). Earlier it was the last station of
central railway, but now it has been taken in Northern
railway. It is a very high revenue generating source for
railways as thousands of people move daily in local
trains to and from Delhi for education/professions.
The National Highway-2 (Delhi-Mathura Road) passes
through the city, and thus it is well connected to
nearby states. Roadways services of Haryana (Haryana
Roadways) and neighbouring states like Delhi Transport
Corporation, Uttar Pardesh Transport Department, Madhya
Pradesh Transport Department, etc. are easily
Delhi Metro Rail is likely to cover the city by 2012 as
proposed by the Government of Delhi.
Faridabad is served by Indira Gandhi International
Airport, New Delhi and Palam Domestic Airport, New
Al-Falah School of Engineering &
Technology, YMCA Instt. of Engineering, Career Institute
of Tech. & Management, Manav Rachna College of
Engineering, Echolon Institute of Engineering, DAV
Institute of Management, Govt. Polytechnic for Women,
Government Officer's Institutes/Training
Centres: Cement Research Institute, National Institute
of Finance Management (M/o Finance), National Academy of
Central Excise, Custom & Narcotics, Power Engineers
Training Institute, Central Fertilizer Quality Control &
Training Institute, Regional Directorate of Apprentice &
Training(RDAT), Wireless Training Centre (Cabinet
Secretarite), Oriental Insurance Staff Training College
Faridabad is an important educational hub of Haryana.It
is home to many educational institutions and schools
which have high rankers and make the top people who go
to top National institutes eg IIT,IIM etc.Thus,it
provides with a good result. Schools:
Ryan International School, St.Joseph's
Convent School, Vidya Niketan Sen. Sec. School, Rawal
International School, Aravali International School,
Modern Vidya Niketan, DAV Public School, Vidya Sanskar
International school, St. John's School, Delhi Public
School, Carmel convent School, Modern School,
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Famous people from Faridabad
Maharani Kishori - wife of Jat
Maharaja Suraj Mal of Bharatpur in Rajasthan, India;
married in 1730.
Raja Nahar Singh - Jat King of the
princely state of Ballabhgarh in Faridabad (1823 – 1858)
Sonu Nigam - Indian playback singer
Richa Sharma - Indian playback singer
Ajay Ratra - Indian cricketer (born
Faridabad Property Bazar